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Victory State Forest Riparian Wetland

 

Welcome to the
Wetlands Program

The Vermont Wetlands Program is responsible for identifying and protecting wetlands and the functions and values they provide. Activities to achieve these goals include education, project review, and enforcement. The Vermont Wetlands Program is responsible for the administration, implementation and informal interpretation of the Vermont Wetland Rules; for providing advisory recommendations on Act 250 and Section 248 projects with potential wetland impacts; and for the review of wetland projects which fall under federal jurisdiction (Section 404 of the Clean Water Act) to ensure that State water quality standards are met.

Most wetlands inquiries can be answered by using the

VT Wetlands Guidance Table below:

  1. Choose the applicable category(ies).
  2. Scroll down the VT Wetlands Guidance column to a topic you are  interested in.
  3. Click the links in Where to Find It.

If you cannot find an answer to your question in the table please submit a WETLANDS INQUIRY by clicking on the underlined link. Clicking on the link will take you to the Wetlands Contact Page where you can select a the subject of your inquiry. An automatic email will be generated and sent to the district ecologist for review.

 

Category

VT Wetlands Guidance

Summary of Guidance

Where to Find It

Overview

Wetland Basics

A description of wetland characteristics and the basics of the VT Wetlands Program.The identification and delineation link describes the three indicators of wetland presence, and the common wetland types in Vermont.

What is a Wetland?

VT Wetlands Program 101

Identification & Delineation

 

Do I Have a Wetland?

 

Land-Owners Guide to Wetlands

A list of signs that indicate you may have a wetland and what steps to take if you do.

Landowner’s Guide to Wetlands

Using the Wetlands Inventory Map to Identify Wetlands

A “how-to” on using the VT Wetlands Inventory Map to identify wetlands with mapping tools and a link to the VT Wetlands Inventory Map.

Wetlands Inventory Map

Wetlands Inventory Map Tutorial

Wetland Consultant List A list of qualified wetlands scientists that can conduct a wetland delineation in Vermont. Wetland Consultant List

Wetland Avoidance & Minimization Techniques

 

Site Design for Wetland Protection

A Rhode Island guidance document that illustrates how wetlands can be avoided by smart site design. Vermont wetland regulations still apply.

Rhode Island Wetland BMP Manual

Low-Impact Design and Stormwater Management Links to low-impact design and storm water management techniques, which are an important part of protecting wetlands and water quality.

Green Infrastructure: Planning & Policy

Green Infrastructure Systems & Functions

Low-Impact Development Guide

Best Management Practices

(BMPs) and

Allowed Uses

 

Allowed Uses

A link to the allowed uses (Section 6) of the VT Wetland Rules.

Wetland Rules Allowed Uses

 

Ponds, Docks and Boardwalks VT Wetlands Program guidance on allowed uses associated with pond maintenance, docks and boardwalks.

Pond Maintenance

Docks and Boardwalks

Utilities

VT Wetlands Program guidance on allowed uses associated utilities.

Utility Maintenance

Overhead Utility Installation

Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control

Guidance documents that provide descriptions and uses for manmade wetlands and Erosion Prevention and Sediment Control (EPSC) when working in areas sensitive to erosion. *Natural wetlands should never be used for stormwater or wastewater treatment.

Stormwater Webpage

Stormwater Resources

EPSC Plan Checklist

EPSC in Winter

VT WPSC Field Guide

Agriculture A link to the Vermont Association of Conservation Districts website, which provides infomation about Accepted Agricultural Practices (AAP’s). APP's are standards designed to reduce non-point source pollutant discharges through implementation of improved farming techniques. Ditch Maintenance is a guidance document which outlines the best management practices for ditch maintenence in agricultural areas.

Accepted Agricultural Practices

Ditch Maintenence

Silviculture and Logging

VT Wetlands Program guidance on silviculture as an allowed use based on the Vermont Wetland Rules.

A link to Acceptable Management Practices for Maintaining Water Quality on Logging Jobs in Vermont (AMP's). The AMP's are scientifically proven methods for loggers and landowners to follow for maintaining water quality and minimizing erosion.

VT Wetlands Program Silviculture Guidance

Acceptable Management Practices for Maintaining Water Quality on Logging Jobs in Vermont (AMP's)

Vernal Pools U.S. Army Corps of Engineers vernal pool information and guidance for determining adequate buffers for the protection of vernal pool species. ACOE Vernal Pool Information and Buffer Guidance

Beavers

Pamphlets and links that describe why beavers are an important part of the wetland ecosystem and how to manage them responsibly.

Beaver Natural History

Beaver BMPs

BMP for Human-Beaver Conflict

Education

 

Wetland Functions and Values

A link to the 10 functions and values the VT Wetlands Program uses to evaluate VT wetlands and their importance to public and ecosystem health. The evaluation sheet is used by wetland professionals for a preliminary assessment of wetland functions and values.

Wetlands Functions and Values

Function and Values Evaluation Form

Vernal Pools & Amphibian Breeding Habitat

Links to the VT definition of vernal pools, their importance, and how to identify them. The VT Herp Atlas shows the distribution of reptiles and amphibians such as frogs and salamanders thoughout the State of VT and the VT Vernal Pool Mapping Project offers the public an opportunity to become involved in mapping vernal pools. Also find an educational article on fairy shrimp, a small aquatic organism found in vernal pools.

Vernal Pools

VT Vernal Pool Study

VT Herp Atlas

VT Vernal Pool Mapping Project

Fairy Shrimp Article

Northeastern Amphibian

Information
Links for exploring the library of information about amphibian breeding habitats from states in the Northeast. The links also include protocols used to define and identify amphibian breeding habitats and guidance for establising buffers to protect these sensitive habitats.

Maine

Massachusetts

Rhode Island

New York

New Hampshire

Invasive Wetland Plant Species Fact sheets and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers resources for invasive plant species that can be found in wetlands and how to manage them.

Common Reed

Purple Loosestrife

Yellow Flag Iris

Japanese Stilt Grass

Glossy Buckthorn

European Alder

Japanese Knotweed

ACOE Invasive Species Info

Conservation 

Local Wetland Initiatives

Contact the Watershed Coordinator in your district to recommend an initiative and find out what initiatives may be happening.

Tactical Basin Planning

Contact Page

Native Plant Resources A list of nurseries that provide native plant species for wetland restoration and enhancement activities. Native Plant Providers

Regulatory

VT Wetland Rules

The VT Wetland Rules were created to protect significant wetlands and describe VTANR’s regulatory oversight of wetlands including: identification of wetlands, wetland exemptions, wetland classification, designation of buffer zones, functional criteria, allowed uses, mapping, wetlands determinations, rulemaking and permits.

Vermont Wetland Rules

Permits

The VT Wetlands Program issues two types of permits: an individual permit and a general permit. Read the General Permit in order to decide if your project will qualify. The same application form can be used to apply for both the individual and general permits. Please read the directions before filling out the application and use the Permit Application Checklist to help ensure that your application is complete. The checklist is not intended for large-scale projects that may need additional information.

If you are proposing activity in more than one wetland use the supplemental for additional wetlands form.

Also view permits that are currently on public notice.

General Permit

Individual and General Permit Application

Permit Application Checklist

Individual Permit instructions

Supplemental for Additional Wetlands Form

Permits on Public Notice

Wetland Violations

Wetlands violations should be reported to the enforcement division. They may be referred to a Wetlands Staff after initial review.

Report a Violation

Wastewater Design and Wetlands A guidance document for wastewater designers that provides project review information, jurisdictional consideration, wetland delineation criteria, and common wetland vegetation. VT Wetlands Program Guidance for Wastewater Designers
Wetland Determination The procedure that VT Wetlands Staff use to determine if a wetland is Class II or Class III. VT Wetland Determination Process

Act 250 Review Guidelines

Some projects require Act 250 review and all Act 250 projects require wetlands review. Learn what type of activities qualify for an Act 250 permit and contact your permit specialist to find out what other permits you may need.

Act 250

Find Your Permit Specialist

Riparian Buffer Guidelines

Water Quality Certification

A small number of wetland projects require water quality certifications. If you are involved in an activity that is subject to a Federal permit or license and may result in a discharge to waters of the United States, you may need a Water Quality Certification.

Water Quality Certification Program

VTDEC Contact Megan McIntyre

Federal Wetland Regulations & Class III Wetlands

The Army Corp of Engineers also regulates activities in wetlands. Visit the ACOE website or contact the ACOE representative in your area to find out if you need a permit or project review.

ACOE Website

ACOE General Permit

ACOE Contact

Town Wetland Responsibilities

Towns have adopted different zoning to protect water resources. Contact your town to see if they have additional wetland regulations to consider.

VT League of Cities and Towns

Quick Links
What's New?
Wetland Functions and Values
Jurisdictional Wetlands

The following wetlands are presumed to provide significant functions and values, and so are subject to the Vermont Wetland  Rules:

~Any wetland on the VSWI map

~Any wetland contiguous or connected to the VSWI mapped wetland

~Any wetland that is the same type and size as what is on the VSWI maps (1/2 acre or larger)

~Wetlands over or under a half acre that are:

  • adjacent to a stream, lake, pond, or river
  • vernal pools
  • special and unique wetlands like bogs or fens
  • headwaters above 2500 feet elevation
  • adjacent to impaired waters

 


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VT DEC Watershed Management Division 1 National Life Drive, Main 2  Montpelier, VT  05620-3522  Tele: 802-828-1535   Fax: 802-828-1544

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